|The most common injuries in football
Football is undoubtedly the most popular and favorite sport in the world. This is evidenced by the highest ratings of football matches and by millions of fans around the world. It is played and earned by millions, or they simply chase the ball with friends in the yard.
But nevertheless, none of the fans of this sport is immune from injury, regardless of age and level of professionalism.
Injuries cause huge losses to professional football clubs. Financial losses turn out to be several million euros, that is why a lot of attention is paid to researches of football injuries. According to research, football players are most often injured at age of 17-19, because the joints are still quite weak and the ligamentous apparatus has not yet been completely formed at this age. Besides, older football players are more experienced and careful - they know how to avoid injuries.
The main area of injury of football players are the legs, of course. Here are the percentages:
- knee-joint - 20% of all injuries;
- ankle joint - 17%;
- hip joint - 14%;
- groin - 13%;
- shin - 12%;
- foot - 12%.
In second place in the degree of injury is the back. Back injuries account for about 5% of injuries; all other injuries amount to no more than 7% of the total.
Mechanisms of injuries in football
Various types of injuries (running, falling, shots on goal, interceptions, blocking) have been evaluated in players of various roles (goalkeepers, defender, midfielders, forwards). The main type of injuries were contact injuries (38%). Goalkeepers injured as a result of contact in 50% of cases, quarterbacks - in 42%. Injuries most often occurred at midfielders and forwards while running, falling and hitting the ball, and more often during official matches (64% of all injuries) than during training sessions (51%).
As for the upper limbs, the injury was usually due to a fall to the ground (72%), whereas in the lower limbs contact injuries were the main source of fractures and sprains, especially of the knee-joint. In 37% of cases, the knee-joint was stretched without contact.
Injuries prevention measures
Research show, that of 100 football injuries, 42 occur due to the presence of predisposing factors, in 17 cases the wrong equipment is to blame, and in another 25 episodes of injuries - the playing surface.
First of all, to prevent injuries you need to:
- eliminate predisposing factors;
- wear the right shoes, namely sport shoes, with studded soles. Sport shoes should not be too loose, and even more so – too big. If the boots are made of genuine leather, then in 3-4 games the material will stretch, and the shoe will become freer. You need to buy shoes, which sits tightly. Given such feature of leather models, Roberto Carlos always buys boots 2 sizes smaller. At the same time, shoes made of synthetic materials need to be selected exactly to the size of your feet, not hoping the fact that will stretch.
- use shin pads;
- do not play football on slippery or hard surfaces;
- choose the right ball for the game. According to tradition, most of the customers, when they come to the store, turn their attention to leather balls, often not knowing about all the pros and cons of this material. However, balls made of synthetic materials are preferable, as they are more durable, less deformed, and also they restore shape after hitting better.
The main predisposing factors also include skipping training, lack of warm-up, existing diseases of the joints, incomplete rehabilitation after recent injuries. Many of these factors are amenable to correction. Compliance with the basic rules of safety and precaution with a high probability will avoid injuries.
Traumatologists recommend taking into account the main preventive measures aimed at eliminating predisposing factors, namely:
- exercises to stretch the leg muscles before each game;
- rejection of a sharp increase in training loads;
- lack of skipping of football training;
- lack of excess weight;
- timely detection and treatment of pathologies of the musculoskeletal system;
- full rehabilitation after received injuries, followed by a gradual returning to normal training loads;
- prophylactic bandaging of the ankle joint.
It is extremely important to be attentive to your own health while playing football. Therefore, it is better to contact a doctor immediately if you feel any discomfort.